The first project was to integrate the building control systems in the existing T2 terminal. The 35,000 signals in the lighting, climate control, passenger transport systems and entrances were brought over to the Wonderware platform.
Next, the control systems for services that would support the future T1 terminal were integrated. These included the fire brigade, civil guard, waste facilities, water control and pumping and other systems. With the addition of these signals, the Wonderware software was now helping AENA manage 80,000 total signals.
At this point, the monitoring infrastructure of the airport’s power plants were also integrated.
Now it was time for the third project, which would be ground breaking: the deployment of the infrastructure for the newly constructed T1 terminal. This comprehensive, three-year project involved special challenges for the AENA team. They had to direct the many public sector contractors to work together and implement the new engineering routines and rules established at the beginning of the initiative. Jordi Asensi, Head of Systems and Database Management at AENA Barcelona Airport, said, “If we had not decided from the beginning to create routines for each of the developments in order to be coupled naturally to Wonderware, we would have found ourselves in precisely the situation that we had wanted to avoid.”
How did they do it?
Prior to the construction of the terminal, processes were validated in the department responsible for defining user requirements, interface and design. Models were also tested to verify proper operation. Once the building was constructed and the field systems and control environment were deployed, an independent company tested each system in situ. At the end of the T1 project, 200,000 signals were added to the 80,000 existing ones.
The fourth project integrated the Automated Luggage Transport System (SATE), which included software to manage luggage movement, delivery and incident warning. By connecting SATE to Wonderware, Asensi says the airport has one of the lowest lost-luggage rates in Europe.
The final project integrated the New Terminal Area Power Plant (CENAT). This plant powers the airport and is the first facility to use AENA’s “airport model.” The company has set this standard for specific situations and platforms based on the Model View functions of the Wonderware System Platform.
Finally, in late 2010, the structure of the Energy Control System (SCE) was redesigned to bring together all of the electrical control systems into a single control point. This unified the controls for four separate power plants, including associated environmental monitoring for each (such as measuring groundwater levels or pumping systems using Archimedean screws to stabilize a portion of the runway built over a lagoon).
With the completion of these projects, the new system is managing 700,000 signals through 80 servers that make up five control environments.
1,500,000 Signals and Counting
The control environment for the Barcelona-El Prat Airport includes extensive operations systems. Once the full expansion is complete, the system will handle approximately two million signals.
Building Management Systems at Terminal 1 and Terminal 2
Flight Operations Support
- Passenger transport: escalators, elevators, conveyor belts and entrances
- Air conditioning
- Fire safety
- Low voltage
Control and Monitoring of Terminal Annex Services
- Time register of planes at jet ways for subsequent billing
Power Plant Management
- Police station and fire brigade
- Waste management
- Water control (groundwater level management)
- CELT: earth-side power plant
- CELA: air-side power plant
- CENAT: new terminal area power plant
- CEREM: Plant located in protected El Remolar area
- CEN: Cooling and heating power plant integrated into T1
- Monitoring support of Automated Luggage Transport System (SATE)
A Benchmark for Automated Building Projects
The Wonderware technology in Terminal 1 processes a multitude of signals across the many processes operating there:
33 technical climate rooms, 1,000 fan coil units and 650 fans. The system handles aspects ranging from the generation of cooling and heating to subsequent distribution, controlling all elements (cooling towers, air conditioning rooms, valves, fan coil units, room controls, etc.)
250 items (escalators, ramps, elevators, moving walkways, etc.)
Plumbing and Sanitation:
247 items corresponding to wells and pumps and motorized infiltrations, deposits, pressure group and valves
10,000 regulators, sensors, lines and other items are supervised in all terminal areas; in addition, Wonderware technology helps to manage the facility’s lighting output
Pneumatic Waste System:
Waste room and distributed containers that enable automatic selective waste collection at the terminal; waste is carried through pipes by a vacuum system to a discharge point where it is collected and transported by trucks for further treatment
26 transformation centers (including 300 panels that can be fully modified within the system and have control priority) and 1,300 secondary panels each containing one of the processes for the terminal’s power input; this system also includes uninterruptible power systems (UPS)
With 30,000 controlled items (detectors, CCFs, etc.), this is a unique system because of its high specificity; it reports real-time information on fire-risk locations at the control center, significantly reducing response times and directing operators to precise alarm locations. “You can find out where there is a possible fire in two clicks,” notes Oscar Saco of Abantia Sistemas & Telecom.